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 Import and Export Statistics 2023 — 18 Key Figures

Import and export statistics in 2023 allow people to know the situation of import and export in the world today which makes countries more connected than ever before. However, what are these figures for import and export? 

For this article, we will talk about the statistical figures for imports and exports in 2023. We will also discuss the factors that affect the import and export industry of every nation around the world. 

Once you are finished reading this article, you will have an in-depth knowledge of the situation of the import and export industry of every nation. Thus, allowing you to grasp the importance of import and export as countries become more connected than ever. 

Supply Chain Getting Back to Normal

The supply chain disruptions are slowly easing which is due to the weakening US demand for goods according to the Kiel Institute for the World Economy. 

According to The Financial Times report, ships are now facing shorter waiting times at harbors. Additionally, there has been a decline in freight rates for the shipment of goods from China to Europe and North America. 

Bloomberg says that the normal course of trade in the supply chain will be returning to normal. It cites a report from a Copenhagen Sea-Intelligence that says half of the shipping congestion has been cleared up. Thus, it is expected that the normal course of trade in the supply chain will be in March 2023. 

However, Bloomberg also notes that professionals in the supply chain should be cautious. This is due to supply chains heading into another holiday season which is vulnerable to shocks ranging from unpredictable weather, COVID lockdowns, and Russia’s war in Ukraine. 

Export RestrictionsAffecting Food Price Inflation

The food market has been severely disrupted by the war in Ukraine. Export restrictions have made the bad situation worse as they contributed to food scarcity and higher food prices. 

Many key staples affected such as wheat, soybean oil, and rice have pushed prices up by more than 9%. 

The increase in price is driven by the reduction in the supply of top exporters: India with almost 33% of the share of exports for rice; Turkey with a share of exports of 13.5% for citrus fruits; and Russia with a share of exports of 17.5% for wheat. 

For products like corn and soya bean oil, the exporters imposing restrictions are not among the top 5 world exporters. However, the demand for these products tends to fluctuate. Thus, the impact on prices is still significant. 

Additionally, the existing import bans are expected to increase the prices of soya bean oil by 14% and by 6.1% in the price of corn. 


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Trade Growth to Slowin 2023

Import demand is expected to loosen as growth slows in major economies for different reasons. In Europe, the high energy prices are due to the Russia-Ukraine war. 

In the United States, the tightening of monetary policy will hit interest-sensitive spending in areas such as motor vehicles, fixed investment, and housing. China continues to control the COVID-19 outbreaks and production disruptions paired with weak external demand. 

Furthermore, the growing import bills for fertilizer, fuels, and food can lead to food insecurity and debt distress in developing countries. 

The April Forecast of the WTO economist had to rely on simulations to gain reasonable insight into the trade growth, in the absence of hard data about the war’s impact. As the events unfolded, the WTO GDP projections for 2022 turned out to be correct. However, the estimate for 2023 is over the top as energy prices have greatly increased, inflation has become broad, and the war shows no signs of ending. 

Import And Export Statistical Figuresin 2023 That You Should Know

1. The UNCTAD nowcast indicates that the value of global trade will decrease in Q4 2022 for both goods and services.

2. World trade is expected to lose momentum in the second half of 2022 and remains subdued in 2023 as numerous shocks weigh on the global economy.

3. Global trade hit a record $32 trillion in 2022. However, a slowdown that began in the second half of the year is expected to worsen in 2023 as geopolitical tensions and tight financial conditions persist.

4. The World GDP at market exchange rates will increase by 2.8% in 2022 and by 2.3% in 2023

5. Although coincident indicators suggest that trade was still holding up in September, more forward-looking and timely indicators show a more downbeat picture. This indicates that annual trade growth will turn clearly negative in the final months of 2022 and in early 2023 according to Oxford Economics.

6. According to the World Trade Organization, Global trade growth will slow to 1% due to inflation, higher interest rates, weaker demand in the U.S. and Europe, protectionism, and a leveling-out after recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic.

7. The Middle East is expected to have the strongest export growth in 2023, at 14.6%, followed by Africa, at 6%. 

8. In 2023, the value of regional exports and imports is expected to grow slightly below this year’s performance at 7.5% and 5.0%, respectively. 

9. In November 2022, Swedish exports of goods increased by 19 percent in value and by 1 percent in volume compared with the same period a year ago.

10. Economic growth forecasts for 2023 are being changed downwards due to high energy prices, rising interest rates, sustained inflation in many economies, and negative global economic spillovers from the war in Ukraine. 

11. Persistently high energy prices and the continued rise in the prices of intermediate inputs and consumer goods are expected to reduce the demand for imports and lead to a decline in the volume of international trade.

12. The record levels of global debt and the increase in interest rates pose huge concerns for debt sustainability.

13. Ports and shipping companies have now adjusted to the challenges brought on by the Covid-19 pandemic. New ships are entering service, and port congestion is being resolved. Freight and cargo rates are still higher than the pre-pandemic averages. However, their trend is downwards.

14. Recently signed agreements such as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership and the African Continental Free Trade Area, as well as a number of smaller trade agreements, will commence that will provide some momentum for international trade. 

15. The efforts towards a greener global economy are expected to increase the demand for environmentally sustainable products while reducing the demand for goods with high carbon content and for fossil fuel energy. This shift will reflect in international trade patterns.

16. Risks remain high for global supply chain operations. 

17. China’s plunging shipments in December suggest exports are likely to struggle in early 2023 as the global economy continues to weaken.

18. The US-EU ties will strengthen in 2023 as geopolitical concerns overshadow bilateral trade disagreements.

Frequentlyasked questions

+ What are import and export statistics?

Import and export statistics will show you the latest updates about the growth of imports and exports in the world. 

+ What is an import?

Imports are products or services that come from another country to be sold in your home country.

+ What is an export?

Exports are products or services that are produced by a country to be sold to buyers in another country.

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