Negotiation Power — The Ultimate Guide of 2023
Negotiation power is the predictor of the outcome of the negotiation. However, where does power in negotiation come from?
For this article, we will discuss what negotiation is. We will tell you the main source of power in negotiation and tips to become an effective negotiator in your profession and everyday life.
Once you are done reading this article, you will have a better understanding of where power comes from in negotiation. Thus, enabling you to position yourself in the negotiation effectively.
Negotiation: What is it?
Negotiation is part of everyday life. From purchasing your needs to finding a job, you are negotiating frequently without even noticing.
You negotiate your needs, feelings, desires, what you want to eat, where you want to live, what movie to watch, and many more. Our life is made up of a constant rush of small negotiations.
However, there is also a formal negotiation which consists of lawyers and other professionals that spend a lot of time negotiating for their clients daily.
In this article, we will talk about the formal side of the negotiation. Negotiation refers to the approach between parties that seek to reach a concession by finding a solution that they can both agree with.
In negotiation, the dispute does not necessarily mean disruption or quarrels. Rather, it implies disagreement between parties regarding their interests or rights.
In negotiation, there are also three possible outcomes which are:
- One party gains and the other loses a benefit in the outcome;
- Both parties benefited from the outcome; and
- The outcome is shared equally by both parties.
Where Does Power in Negotiation Come From?
As we told you earlier, the power in a negotiation is the predictor of the outcome. Thus, it is important to know where it comes from.
Having power in the negotiation means you have the upper hand. The following are the sources of power in negotiation:
1. Your BATNA
The strength of your BATNA is the most important source of power in negotiation. Having a robust outside alternative can give you the power to walk away from unappealing deals.
Your BATNA enables you to put pressure on the other party. An example would be by threatening to leave the negotiation table if the other party cannot meet your requirements or expectations.
You can also use it as a reference point when you are making an offer to the other party. Hence, a strong BATNA can provide you with a more ambitious reference point and gain more from the negotiation.
Another source of power in a negotiation is status or the extent to which you are respected by other people. Status plays a big part in negotiation. Demands made by those who have higher status are most likely to be granted. This is due to the fact that they are viewed as more competent and as an advantage to be partnered with.
However, status is relatively fixed and can only be accumulated slowly through years of training and experience. Thus, you should aim to build status in the negotiation by gaining a reputation for being a competent and trustworthy player in the negotiation.
3. Information relevant to the negotiation
Power in negotiation may also come from the information you have gathered or collected about the other party. If you learned the other party’s preferences or reservation price, you can simply make an offer that is slightly better than that price.
Information about the other party in the negotiation may also include knowledge of their culture. You can avoid the possibility of them walking out of the negotiation if you know what may be offensive or worrisome on their part.
4. Social/Profesional connection
The last source of power is your social or professional connection as a negotiator. Being influential is not just a source of power but it also acts as a facilitator of the three sources which we previously discussed.
Connections do not mean that you need to be close friends or allies with all the networks that you have for them to be valuable. Just having an interaction or a low level of closeness can be useful to gain power in the negotiation.
Your connection with your colleagues or distant friends requires less maintenance yet you can activate it when you need it in your upcoming negotiation.
Being prepared in a negotiation is crucial to its success. In preparation, you collect and gather all the important information about the other party to know what will make them interested in doing business with you.
Additionally, preparation can make you a confident negotiator as you know where to steer the discussion and allows you to make a favorable outcome more possible.
You might think that empathy cannot be a source of power in negotiation and that we must be joking. However, empathy can really be a source of negotiation power. Without empathy in the negotiation process, you can easily reach an impasse with the other party.
Empathy allows you to understand the feelings and interests of the other party. Thus, they are willing to understand your side. This will lead you to suggest bargains that will appeal to what they want which will lead to success in negotiation.
Becoming an Effective Negotiator
Every negotiator wants to be effective when they are at the negotiation table. However, not everyone has enough training or knowledge about the techniques to be an effective negotiator.
Thus, here are some tips that will help you become a more effective negotiator:
1. Practice creating good habits
Of course, the most important part of becoming an effective negotiator is to develop good habits. This includes learning more about the techniques and best practices that can help you enhance your skills as a negotiator.
Whether it is formal training or reading about new tactics, it will help you develop new skills that you can utilize in your profession. It might be difficult to develop good habits, but once you start, you will see how far you have enhanced your skills.
2. Plan a successful negotiation strategy
It is important to plan your strategy before the negotiation starts. This involves developing plans for specific outcomes and understanding the other party.
Each individual in the negotiation will have a limit of what is acceptable for them. This is their zone of possible agreement or ZOPA.
Understanding both your ZOPA will enable you to know if there is a positive or negative ZOPA which is the factor in whether or not you and the other party will be able to settle the negotiation.
3. Expand your options
Separating the interests and issues of the parties may not always be the best option in the negotiation. A valuable skill of a great negotiator is the ability to improve the proposals by expanding his or her options available for settlement. Thus, carefully considering the interests that are driving the demands of the other party.
Once you identify the interest of the other party in advance, you can add value to the negotiation without adding more money or other resources to it. This is called integrative bargaining and it can help you to make a win-win solution for everybody.
7 Negotiation Tips to Make Sure You Get The Best Deal
1. Dropping the bomb
This technique suggests that a failure to concede to an issue will lead to severe consequences. For example, not agreeing on a small order may affect the whole business, especially if that order is necessary to run the business.
Postponing is another great technique in negotiation. By bringing the issue to a later stage of the negotiation, you can think of a solution to that issue which will allow you to gain an advantage in the negotiation.
3. Hanging gramophone record
This technique involves repeating your point or demand. To use this tactic, you must be patient and persistent. You can try this and see for yourself the good result of this technique.
4. Pretending to be less smart than you are
This is a useful tactic to buy you some time to think after a complicated proposal or explanation in the negotiation. This discourages the other party to use complicated words in the proposal and allows you to throw in what you assume in the negotiation.
Silence is truly deafening and many people do not like it. Thus, they will try to fill it which usually weakens their position in the negotiation. Silence will also allow you to give you some time to think and regain your position in the negotiation.
6. Asking why
Positions of the party are defined at the start of the negotiation. Hence, you must not be afraid to challenge the other party. The more details that the other party gives, the greater the opportunity to find something which can be used to your own advantage.
7. All or nothing
This technique involves presenting the other party with just two options. One of the options must be awful so that they are forced to agree on the other position. However, you must prepare your alternatives when they unexpectedly say no to you.
+ What is negotiation?
Negotiation refers to the approach of two parties seeking to reach a concession by finding an acceptable solution for both of them.
+ What is power in a negotiation?
Power in negotiation is the predictor of the outcome of the discussion. If you have the power, then you have the upper hand.
+ Why is power important in negotiation?
Power in negotiation is important to achieve what you want in the negotiation. If you have the power, then you have the capacity to steer the direction of the negotiation to your advantage.
Have Power at the Negotiation Table
If you want to learn how to have power in a negotiation, then our Negotiation Course For Procurement Professionals will help you know all the knowledge you need to become a master negotiator. Enroll now and be the best you can be!
Negotiation Course For Procurement Professionals
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